The discovery of Timbuktu Manuscripts put an end to BS about Africa being an intellectual dark spot until colonialists came with education and knowledge. The manuscripts were produced between the 12th and 16th century by local scholars. This private collection was written on paper and sheep’s skin. There are over 700, 000 manuscripts in Timbuktu. Topics explored include medicine, law, religion and biology. The manuscripts are from around West Africa and the Maghreb.